Time-lapse cameras reveal latitude and season influencebreeding phenology durations in penguins

first_imgVariation in the phenology of avian taxa has long been studied to understand how a species reacts to environmental changes over both space and time. Penguins (Sphenicidae) serve as an important example of how biotic and abiotic factors influence certain stages of seabird phenology because of their large ranges and the extreme, dynamic conditions present in their Southern Ocean habitats. Here, we examined the phenology of gentoo (Pygoscelis papua) and chinstrap penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica) at 17 sites across the Scotia arc, including the first documented monitoring of phenology on the South Sandwich Islands, to determine which breeding phases are intrinsic, or rather vary across a species range and between years. We used a novel method to measure seabird breeding phenology and egg and chick survival: time‐lapse cameras. Contrary to the long‐standing theory that these phases are consistent between colonies, we found that latitude and season had a predominant influence on the length of the nest establishment, incubation, and guard durations. We observe a trend toward longer incubation times occurring farther south, where ambient temperatures are colder, which may indicate that exposure to cold slows embryo growth. Across species, in colonies located farther south, parents abandoned nests later when eggs were lost or chicks died and the latest record of eggs or chicks in the nest occurred earlier during the breeding period. The variation in both space and time observed in penguin phenology provides evidence that the duration of phases within the annual cycle of birds is not fundamental, or genetic, as previously understood. Additionally, the recorded phenology dates should inform field researchers on the best timing to count colonies at the peak of breeding, which is poorly understood.last_img read more

Harden, Westbrook combine for 72, Rockets beat Jazz 120-110

first_img Associated Press FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailSALT LAKE CITY (AP) — James Harden scored 38 points and Russell Westbrook had 34 to boost the Houston Rockets to a 120-110 victory over the Utah Jazz.Harden and Westbrook were efficient all night and the Rockets rode a big third quarter to their third straight win. Eric Gordon and Ben McLemore each scored 12 off the bench for Houston.Donovan Mitchell scored 31 and Jordan Clarkson had 22 for the Jazz, who cut the Rockets’ lead to seven in the fourth quarter a couple times but could never get closer.The Rockets made 20 of 48 shots from beyond the arc. February 22, 2020 /Sports News – Local Harden, Westbrook combine for 72, Rockets beat Jazz 120-110 Written by Tags: Houston Rockets/James Harden/NBA/Russell Westbrook/Utah Jazzlast_img read more

What could the Biden administration mean for energy in Asia Pacific?

first_imgPressure on energy firms to increase climate ambitionsWood Mackenzie research director Prakash Sharma believes the Biden administration bringing the US back in to the Paris Agreement “takes care of a lingering uncertainty in energy markets”.He says that in Asia, energy companies and investors can now “breathe a sigh of relief and plan strategies accordingly”.“With the US back in the agreement, we can expect a surge in net-zero 2050 policy announcements,” adds Sharma.Unlike many of their European counterparts, US oil majors ExxonMobil and Chevron are yet to increase their climate ambitions and set net-zero emissions targets.Sharma believes that if those companies do decide to raise their ambitions, then Asian national oil companies such as the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), the Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) and India’s Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) will “come under pressure to do more”.“This could lead to a race in securing resources for the clean energy sector including semi-conductors, battery metals and renewables supply chains,” he adds.“In the short-term however, commodity prices could become more volatile as economies return to growth and energy demand recovers.“Impact from inflation and foreign exchange is possible depending on how Biden funds his proposed $1.9tn stimulus. If it comes from drawing down past inflows to Asia, price volatility could increase.” Key talking points for the Biden administration and energy in Asia PacificRelationship with ChinaWood Mackenzie senior economist Yanting Zhou believes that while the potential for further economic decoupling between China and the US still exists under a Biden administration, a “less confrontational president may reduce this risk”.“Trade will remain the number one policy focus for US-China relationships and our assumption is that the January 2020 Phase 1 trade deal will broadly remain in place, despite the agreement looking difficult to achieve,” he adds.According to Zhou, amendments and subsequent agreements are “likely”, though he claims none will be “easy to conclude”.Throughout the election campaign, Biden maintained that the US lost more than it gained in the US-China trade war as higher tariffs have raised the cost of goods for American households.“Efforts to shorten supply chains will continue, as will China’s effort to strengthen its ties with Asia and Europe,” says Zhou.“Therefore, we believe that the trade relationship will remain fractious and volumes between the two countries are likely to fall gradually.” Climate change actionOn day one of his presidency, Biden re-joined the Paris Agreement – an international climate pact that aims to cap the rise in global temperatures at “well below” 2C by 2100.Trump previously withdrew from the accord, as he claimed it would “undermine the US economy” and put the country at a “permanent disadvantage”.Wood Mackenzie vice chairman Gavin Thompson says that both collaboration and competition on tackling climate change can be expected between the US and China.Alongside signing back up to the the Paris Agreement, he says the president is expected to unveil “ambitious plans to deliver a pathway to net-zero emissions by 2050“.“However, the latter will require collaboration with China, particularly to bring others onboard,” he adds.“But at the same time, China and the US will increasingly compete to be the global leader in tackling climate change, with both seeking to expand control over low/zero-carbon technology.” Impact on oil and gas agreements with ChinaAs part of China’s Phase 1 trade deal, it committed to purchasing an additional $52.4bn of energy from the US by end of 2021 (Credit: Max Pixel)Last year proved to be a struggle for a number of oil and gas producers, who have been significantly challenged by the low oil prices, as the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) fell into negative price territory for the first time ever in April, combined with a drastic drop in energy demand due to the pandemic.As part of China’s Phase 1 trade deal, it committed to purchasing an additional $52.4bn of energy from the US by end of 2021.Wood Mackenzie research director Sushant Gupta believes this will be “challenging” and notes that the lower oil prices, reduced US crude production and limited recovery in crude processing in China are all factors to be considered.“Crude imports from the US ramped up in 2020 to about 350,000 barrels per day (bpd) on average, but still way below the required amount of more than 1.5 million bpd to meet the deal,” he adds.“China’s temporary lifting of the LNG import tariff has helped increase volumes, but by nowhere near enough to fill the gap left by reduced crude imports.”center_img Attention will be on Biden and the approach he decides to take with China and the rest of its Asia Pacific counterparts across his tenure in the Oval Office (Credit: Shutterstock/lev radin) President Joe Biden has promised to bring forth a new era in climate change policy – but what could his administration mean for Asia Pacific?Throughout much of Donald Trump’s presidency, the US’s relationship with Asian powerhouse China has been fraught following the trade war tensions between the two nations.But now, all eyes will be on Biden and the approach he decides to take with China and the rest of its Asia Pacific counterparts across his tenure in the Oval Office.Here, analysts from energy researcher Wood Mackenzie share their views on how Biden’s administration could impact trade, climate change goals, and changes to the energy sector in the Asia Pacific region. Wood Mackenzie’s Prakash Sharma believes the US re-joining the Paris Agreement means energy companies and investors in Asia can now “breathe a sigh of relief and plan strategies accordingly”last_img read more

French Ambassador in Sri Lanka Visits Northern Naval Command HQ

first_img View post tag: Northern View post tag: Naval January 16, 2013 View post tag: News by topic French Ambassador in Sri Lanka, Her Excellency Mrs. Christine Robichon paid a courtesy call on Commander Northern Naval Area, Rear Admiral Shirantha Udawatte at the Northern Naval Command Headquarters on 10th January 2013.They held cordial discussions and exchanged mementos to mark the occasion.The French Ambassador HE Mrs. Christine Robichon assumed the Ambassador post in 2010.[mappress]Naval Today Staff, January 16, 2013; Image: Sri Lanka Navy View post tag: Ambassador View post tag: Command View post tag: French View post tag: HQ View post tag: Lanka Share this article View post tag: Navy View post tag: visits Back to overview,Home naval-today French Ambassador in Sri Lanka Visits Northern Naval Command HQ Authorities French Ambassador in Sri Lanka Visits Northern Naval Command HQ View post tag: Srilast_img read more

OUSU elections race starts

first_imgOUSU annual election nominations officially closed yesterday, marking the start of the race for election in 6th week . Candidates’ names are released later on Friday, when the process launches into full swing with hustings and campaigning consolidating support around the main candidates.Sources say that there are two main candidates running for the main President position, each one on a slate with two sabbatical officers and several part-time officers.Stefan Baskerville, current OUSU President, is encouraging students to get involved. “Engaging with the process is crucial in making sure it leads to the best outcome. Students should read candidates’ manifestos, attend a hustings, and make an informed choice about who they want to lead their student union.”Hustings will be taking place all over Oxford in the coming week, mainly in JCRs, but there will also be a central hust held before the meeting of the University Council on Tuesday. They are a chance for students to find out what the candidates and their slates have got to offer. The voting will take place in the sixth week.The candidates are also subject to strict rules. Each sabbatical candidate is allowed to spend only £130 on the campaign, whilst an executive position has an allowance of £50. No candidate, agent or activist may use their facebook profile picture or status to advertise voting intentions. They are not allowed to be interviewed by student media without the approval of the returning officer.Baskerville reflected on the race last year, “The candidates can expect a real rollercoaster of highs and lows, involving bursts of adrenaline and significant sleep deprivation. It’s all worth it in the end though.”OUSU is designed to represent Oxford students to the University, national government and the wider world and to provide student advice and support. But, Oxford’s collegiate system and the set-up of our JCRs have lead to some questioning the point of a central organising body.“I don’t really know very much about OUSU. If I had a problem, my first port of call would be people at college”, said Matthew Hutchison, a fresher at St Anne’s.Aside from providing free condoms and organising Freshers’ Fair, many find it difficult to pick out what OUSU does that benefits them. Last year’s election turn-out was only 16% of the total student body, implying that the majority of students simply aren’t that interested.“At the moment OUSU isn’t seen as being as important as it should be. We need greater confidence and authority in positions, which will in turn result in greater weight with the university itself”, said David Merlin-Jones, OUSU representative for Exeter College.Many describe OUSU as having an “image problem,” rather than being ineffective. Indeed, not all students are disillusioned with the institution, as Adam Gibbs, Wadham fresher and new SU Vice President, said, “I think it is vital to have an organisation like OUSU and I would consider running for an OUSU position where I can really make a difference.”Baskerville confirmed that he would be happy to offer handshaking lessons to this year’s candidates, though was careful to add, “All candidates will have to have equal time.”OUSU elections have historically suffered from a low turn-out. Now, it’s up to this year’s candidates to convince students that through OUSU they can bring about tangible and worthwhile benefits to the student body.last_img read more

Oxford bottom for offers to students from poor neighbourhoods

first_imgOxford accepted fewer applications from poor neighbourhoods in the 2017-18 academic year than any other mainstream institution, according to the Higher Education Statistics Agency.Just 2.8 per cent of the University’s intake were from students who live in areas classified as the most difficult to engage in higher education. Cambridge accepted 3 per cent of students from these areas, while University College London accepted 3.2 per cent and Durham University 4.2 per cent.The statistics come as universities are being pressured to increase the number of students from poorer backgrounds. Oxford spends £7 million on “outreach” programmes, which include visiting schools whose students never apply and the hosting of summer schools.Durham, for instance, runs a summer school with the Sutton Trust, which is “designed to give bright students from non-privileged homes the opportunity to experience what it is like to be a student at a leading university.”Lee Eliot Major, chief executive of the Sutton Trust, told The Times it was “seriously depressing” that so few students at Oxford represent the poorest neighbourhoods, calling for a re-evaluation of university outreach strategies.“We need a radical change to shift this. Universities have to give poorer kids a break. This means taking their social background into account in the admissions process,” Major said.David Lammy, Labour MP for Tottenham and prominent campaigner for equality in the higher education system, lamented the statistics in a tweet this morning.Only 2.8% of Oxford students are from poor neighbourhoods – the lowest of any university. Shame on them. Oxbridge take £700m a year in taxpayers’ money yet are not tackling entrenched privilege and fail to recognise this problem. My campaign will continue. https://t.co/EL7ZqDnYi5— David Lammy (@DavidLammy) March 28, 2018A University spokesperson said in a statement that, this year, “for the first time, candidates from the most disadvantaged backgrounds are more successful at getting offers from Oxford when they apply than their more advantaged peers.”The statistics also show that Oxford performed poorly in the proportion of state school pupils accepted to study here. 58 per cent of students are from state schools, compared to 62.6 per cent at Cambridge.last_img read more

On tackling over-eating

first_imgHe may be long gone, but his wisdom lives on. If only he’d been born a century later to guide us through the tough times, we wouldn’t be in the mess we’re in right now…On tackling over-eating: “In Germany a person begins with eating a pound or two of grapes with bread and increases the quantity of grapes until he can eat half a dozen or more pounds during the day. Of course very little bread is eaten as more grapes are taken. This is a famous cure for obesity and diseases due to high living.”last_img read more

OVF lets trade in on its Secrets

first_imgOrchard Valley Foods’ Secret Ingredients line is targeting larger firms as well as home bakers.Since launching last year, the range has mainly been supplied via the company’s website, secret-ingredients.com, to bakeries and home users. But demand from wholesalers and the foodservice sector has prompted OVF to release many lines of the Secret Ingredients range to its bulk supply portfolio.Mini mallows, caramels, nonpareils and mini chocolate beans are among the products available in the 1.1litre re-sealable and reusable tubs.National account manager John Young said: “The bright and eye-catching decorations, along with flavour- and texture-enhancing inclusions add value and important aesthetics to in-store baked goods, consistent results to foodservice products and also stand out nicely on a wholesaler’s shelves. The tubs can be supplied boxed-up in multiples of 12, making storage easy.” The products have a shelf-life of up to 12 months.last_img read more

South Carolina GOP censures Rep. Rice for impeachment vote

first_imgCOLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) — South Carolina Republicans have issued a formal censure to congressman Tom Rice to show disapproval over his vote in support of the second impeachment of former President Donald Trump. Rice was among the 10 GOP House members who joined Democrats on Jan. 13 in voting to impeach Trump for his role in the violence a week earlier at the U.S. Capitol. A day after his vote, Rice told The Associated Press “it hurts my heart” to have gone against the president, but pointed to what he characterized as Trump’s inaction during the Capitol Hill riot. Rice represents South Carolina’s 7th District, a northeastern area that voted heavily for Trump.last_img read more

Belles blog about Saint Mary’s fashion

first_imgSaint Mary’s juniors Erin Hall and Anna Sullivan are two of the newest Belles jumping on the blogging bandwagon.The pair recently began writing as correspondents for fashion and lifestyle blogs targeting the Saint Mary’s community.Hall blogs for U lala, a fashion and lifestyle website for college women with correspondents from more than 28 campuses around the nation. Hall said she knew she wanted to be involved the first time she came across the website.“[I] thought it was a great place for college women to get ideas on everything from fashion to DIYs so when they accepted my application to start the Saint Mary’s branch I was super excited,” Hall said.Hall said she enjoys writing about a variety of topics, including travel, cooking, crafts, and music.“I love to switch up what I’m writing about and pick new things,” Hall said.Sullivan writes a blog for College Fashionista as the Saint Mary’s contributor. This website focuses on fashion style and trends making their ways on college campuses around the country. Sullivan contributes photographs and feature articles that highlight different looks and people around campus.Sullivan said her page on the blog is called “Fashionista Spotlight.”“Basically, I choose a girl once a week to interview,” Sullivan said. “I ask her a variety of questions ranging from her favorite designer to what her favorite trends are. Then, I take a few pictures of her to accompany the article once it goes live.”Hall said her blog not only offers the women of Saint Mary’s something unique, but also this writing format complements her own work as a student.“I was eager to do something other than just work and take classes,” Hall said. “I figured it would be a fun way to gain experience.” Sullivan said blogging enhances her academic experience.“Writing for College Fashionista or any other blog allows your work to get out there and [be] taken seriously in a different setting other than the classroom,” Sullivan said.Professor Helen Ho, assistant professor of communication studies at Saint Mary’s, said simply reading blogs and certainly writing in this format can be helpful for students.“When we are pushing students to become better writers, which Saint Mary’s does so often, part of being a good writer is to keep up your reading,” Ho said.She explained that any form of reading and writing, even online articles and blogs, all contribute to this.Hall said her inspiration often comes from other blogs such as ‘They All Hate Us’ by Tash and Elle, ‘Tuulavintage’ by Jessica Stein, and ‘LovelyPepa’ by Alexandra.Sullivan said she emphasizes fashion at Saint. Mary’s instead of focusing on national trends.“I really like writing about why girls dress they way they do. Most likely they have never thought about it themselves, but actually they way we dress says a lot more about us than we think,” Sullivan said.last_img read more